What is rectal prolapse?
Prolapse is a medical term for when the rectum wall, which is normally located inside the body, breaks loose, protrudes out the anus, and causes problems. A photo of rectal prolapse may be seen here.
Rectal prolapse has three main categories: type I, type II, and type III.
- Asymptomatic prolapse (also called mucosal prolapse). When rectal lining comes loose, it often hangs out of the anus. When you exert yourself to have a bowel movement, this may happen. The condition is particularly prevalent in infants and toddlers under the age of two.
Prolapse in its entirety. When the whole wall of the rectum shifts and often sticks out of the anus, this is known as rectal vault prolapse. During the process of defecation, this may only occur at initially. In the future, it may occur when you are standing or walking. Additionally, in rare instances, the protruding tissue may stay outside your body for the rest of your life.
The development of internal prolapse (intussusception). Some sections of the large intestine (colon) or rectum may glide over or between other sections, like the pieces of a telescope that are meant to be folded together. There is no noticeable bump at the end of the rectum. (To see an image of intussusception, go here.) The intussusception most often occurs in youngsters, and very rarely does it occur in adults. As is often the case with youngsters, the root reason is not identified. An intestinal condition, such as a development of tissue in the wall of the intestines, often accompanies the disorder (such as a polyp or tumor).
When the tissues that keep the big intestine in place strain, the bowel stretches out and descends from its usual position. For the majority of individuals, the rectum starts at a sharp bend. If the rectum is in this bent position, it may be difficult to stop the feces from seeping out (fecal incontinence).
Most prevalent in youngsters and older people, particularly women, is rectal prolapse.
Types of rectal prolapse
Internal prolapse – the rectum has prolapsed but not to the point of passing through the anus. Incomplete prolapse is another name for this condition.
- Mucosal prolapse – the rectum’s inner lining protrudes through the anus.
- External prolapse – the rectum protrudes through the anus in its entirety. Complete or full-thickness prolapse is another name for this condition.
Immediately after surgery for rectal prolapse
Things to anticipate after your rectal prolapse or rectocele surgery include: • Hospital personnel will monitor and record your temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure.
- An intravenous fluid line will be placed in your arm to replenish fluids in your body.
- You will be prescribed pain relievers. If you need more pain treatment, inform your nurse.
- A catheter may be used to drain urine over the following day or until you can empty your bladder on your own.
- If you have a vaginal pack, it will be removed later that day or the next day after surgery.
- You may need to stay in the hospital for three to six days after surgery.
- You’ll need to see your doctor for follow-up visits.