Rectal prolapse refers to the extrusion of some or the whole rectal wall via the external anal sphincter. Although less common in Western cultures, pediatric rectal prolapse is a comparatively common benign disorder in kids. However, without appropriate treatment, it can become a lifestyle-restraining, chronic illness. Maximum cases are self-limiting, with rapid resolution after conservative measures intended at rectifying the associated underlying process. In kids, rectal prolapse should always be considered a presenting sign of an underlying disorder, and not a disease entity unto itself. Rectal prolapse begins as a mucosal extrusion from the mucocutaneous junction, which might ultimately progress to full-thickness prolapse. It is one of the first surgical entities ever defined in medicine.
Rectal prolapse might develop in a kid who often strains during bowel movements, such as from complications with long-term (chronic) constipation. Heaviness from forceful coughing spells, such as those instigated by whooping cough (pertussis) or long-standing lung disease from cystic fibrosis, might also result in rectal prolapse.
Rectal prolapse and its etiology were first designated in 1912 by Moschcowitz. Rectal prolapse in childhood was first emphasized in 1939 by Lock hart-Mummery, who accredited the condition to malnourishment and careless nursing, but also agreed diarrheal and wasting illnesses as contributing factors.Loss of the normal sacral curvature that causes a vertical duct between the rectum and the anal canal has been labeled as a causative factor. Straining during defecation incline skids with constipation, diarrhea or parasitos is to prolapse, as does childhood laxative usage. The prolapse can unexpectedly reduce or might necessitate reduction via herbal medication