Rectal prolapse is well-defined as an extrusion of some or all of the rectal mucosa via the external anal sphincter. It typically occurs between 1-4 years of age, with the highest frequency in the first year of life.
There are two kinds of rectal prolapse
- Type 1 (false procidentia, partial, mucosal prolapse) encompasses protuberance of the mucosa only.
- Type 2 (true procidentia, complete prolapse) encompasses a full thickness extrusion of the rectal wall.
Type 2, or complete prolapses, is separated as per the severity:
- 1st degree prolapse takes account of the mucocutaneous junction, with length of the protuberance from the anal verge > 5 cm.
- 2nd degree prolapse does not encompass the mucocutaneous junction, with protuberance from the anal verge from 2 – 5 cm.
- 3rd degree prolapse is internal and does not go through the anal verge.
Evaluation and treatment
In general, treatment emphasizes on treating the condition disposing the person to rectal prolapse, if known.
- If the prolapsed tissue does not instinctively reduce, manually do so as soon as possible before the tissue becomes edematous and ulcerated.
- After tumbling, do a rectal examination to ensure that it is reduced.
- Lessen the problem of constipation with stool softeners and laxatives, and have the child excrete with feet on the ground.
- Herbal medicines might be essential as well. It is most likely necessary when an underlying neurologic condition exists.
To know more, please visit Daya Ayush Therapy Center for an effective prolapse rectum treatment.